This article, which is the first of a two-part submission, examines the phenomenon of gender-based violence against black lesbian south africans. The course and incidence of gender-based violence against black lesbians are tracked from both media articles and academic contributions. Antigay hate crimes (words or actions that are intended to harm or intimidate individuals because they are lesbian or gay) constitute a serious national problem. Indeed, as this report shows, violence against black lesbians, transgender men, and gender non-conforming people occurs in a broader context of violence, including sexual and gender-based violence. (wnv ray mwareya-mhondera) south africa may be one of just 10 countries in the world to permit same-sex marriage not to mention the only country in africa but it is also a place where the assault, rape and murder of lesbians remains a troublingly common issue. Phelokazi ndlwana, a 24-year-old aspiring chef, is the latest suspected victim of an anti-lgbtq hate crime in south africa. An out lesbian, ndlwana was discovered dead in the town of khayelitsha outside cape town on may 2 after an apparent stabbing. Ndlwanas murder has not been ruled a hate crime, but her family and friends. Today is the 50th anniversary of the murder of kitty genovese, a 28-year-old lesbian bartender from queens, new york. Hate crimes performed against homosexuals are on the rise as well. The 1996 fbi statistics state that anti-gay hate crimes account for 11. 2 from the year prior the crimes are far more violent and public. There were five more arson reports, ten more reports of crimes. Extent of targeted hate crimes and the difficulties of gay men and lesbian experience when accessing the criminal justice system. Hate crimes hate crimes against people belonging to minority groups are a global phenomenon and have occurred throughout history. The national gay and lesbian task force asked then-attorney general janet reno to have the department of justice work with medford police because the killings should be considered hate crimes. Victim found naked and bloody after intruders carved slurs into her skin.