Unlike hispanic, which refers to language, latino is a term that more so refers to geography. At its heart, it is used to signify that a person is from or descended from latin america and has a mix of black, indigenous, and european ancestry. It is, in fact, a shortened form of the spanish phrase latinoamericanolatin american, in english. Black hispanic and latino americans, also called afro-hispanics, afro-latinos or black hispanics, are classified by the united states census bureau, office of management and budget, and other u. Government agencies as black people living in the united states with ancestry in latin america andor who speak spanish as their first language. The relationship between the black and latin x community has been complicated. With factors like colorism and anti-blackness plaguing both communities, how d. Whats the difference between the terms latino and hispanic? Most people use these words interchangeably, but there is actually a difference. 8, hundreds of black and latino students got into two separate battles in the streets around wilmer amina carter high school in rialto. Afro-latino is not about being black and latino, afro-latina means to be a black latinalatino hence why the term afro-latino came about in the late 70s. Since latino is not a race, its really not even an ethnic group, it is false to say that folks are black and latino, we are racially black and then many refer to their ethnicity or i. When it comes to the words themselves, theres an important difference to hispanic and latino hispanic specifically concerns the spanish-language-speaking latin america and spain. Latino specifically concerns those coming from latin american countries and cultures, regardless of whether the person speaks spanish. Latinx is a gender-neutral term used in lieu of latino or latina to refer to a person of latin american descent. In general, latino is understood as shorthand for the spanish word latinoamericano (or the portuguese latino-americano) and refers to (almost) anyone born in or with ancestors from latin america and living in the u. Black american refers to those who are immigrants from africa, caribbean, and south and latin america. The key difference is that although all african americans are black, it does not suggest that all black americans are of african descent.